What is Powdered Cellulose E460ii? Uses, Safety, Side Effects

What is Powdered Cellulose E460ii? Uses, Safety, Side Effects


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Powdered cellulose is one of the many ingredients in processed cheeses. What is powdered cellulose E460(ii)? Powdered cellulose is a powder processed from cellulose derived from naturally occurring substances. It is added to cheese to prevent oils, fats, and moisture go rancid. 

Cellulose is usually a safe substance for consumption as many of the commercially available products are generally considered safe by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The most famous variety of cellulose powder that can be used to prevent wastage of oil, fats, and moisture in cheese spreads and cheese toppings is sodium carboxymethylcellulose.

What is powdered cellulose?

Powdered cellulose is a powder made from wood pulp. It’s used in many food products like yogurt and ice cream, as well as cosmetics and drugs.

Powdered cellulose can also be used to thicken liquids and make them more stable, which makes it useful for preventing caking and lumping in foods such as chocolate milk. Powdered cellulose can also be used to help form gels, which means it can help stabilize the texture of foods like cake mixes without adding calories or fat.

Powdered cellulose is also used in medicine because it helps prevent the build-up of bacteria and fungus in the intestines. It may also help absorb excess water in the digestive tract, reduce gas production, and help prevent constipation by softening stools and helping them pass through the colon more easily. Additionally, powdered cellulose may be beneficial for people who have had surgery on their intestines or who have radiation therapy treatments for cancer because these procedures can cause diarrhea that can lead to dehydration if not treated properly.

Powdered cellulose definition

Powdered cellulose is a dry, powdered form of cellulose that is made from wood pulp. Powdered cellulose has many uses in the food, pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries.

Powdered cellulose is often used as an anti-caking agent in foods such as spices and flour. It can also be used as a substitute for sugar in some recipes, although it has no sweetening properties. Powdered cellulose is known for its ability to absorb moisture and prevent spoilage.

Powdered cellulose may also be used as an ingredient for dietary supplements and nutritional bars.

In addition to its use as an additive, powdered cellulose is also added to cosmetics such as face powders and eye shadows to prevent them from caking together while they are being stored or transported. Because powdered cellulose absorbs moisture easily, it prevents these products from drying out too quickly.

What is powdered cellulose made of?

Powdered cellulose is a powdered form of cellulose fibers. In the production process, wood pulp is ground into a fine powder. Powdered cellulose is used in foods, pharmaceuticals, and cosmetics. It is also used in the manufacture of paper.

Powdered cellulose is made from wood pulp or cotton linters (the waste product of cotton fiber processing). Wood pulp is made by cooking wood chips to remove water, then squeezing the remaining fibers through rollers to remove more water. The remaining fibers are shredded into small pieces and cooked again before they are ground into a powder. This process produces a low-quality powder that may contain traces of lignin, which can cause stomach upset when consumed in large amounts.

Cotton linters are produced as part of the manufacturing process for cotton cloth. After cotton fibers are removed from the plant, they are cleaned and bleached to produce usable cotton linters. Linters can also be produced by mechanically separating cotton from its seeds after harvest, but this process requires more energy and produces a lower yield than using scutching machines like those used in textile mills.

Powdered cellulose structure

The structure of powdered cellulose is made up of long chains of glucose molecules linked together by hydrogen bonds between carbons on adjacent glucose molecules. This structure gives powdered cellulose its unique properties, which include water absorption and moisture retention capabilities.

How to make powdered cellulose?

We will see how to make powdered cellulose, to prepare this, we need cellulose powder, which is available in the form of capsules. These capsules are made from cellulose and are used as a dietary supplement for weight loss.

The powdered cellulose can be used for various purposes such as weight loss, skin care, hair and nail growth.

Here is the step by step procedure to prepare powdered cellulose at home:

Step 1: Take some empty capsules in a bowl and remove their contents by opening them with a knife or scissors. Do not throw away the empty capsules.

Step 2: Put the empty capsules in a blender along with 1 tablespoon of water and blend them until they become fine powder.

Step 3: Take out the blended mixture in another bowl and add 1 tablespoon of water to it so that it becomes slightly runny consistency like milk.

Step 4: Now add 2 tablespoons of pure honey or maple syrup in this mixture and mix well until all ingredients get mixed properly together without forming lumps or clumps at any stage during preparation process.

Specification & Properties

Appearance A white, odourless powder
Other names
  • Cellulose
  • Linear polymer of 1:4 linked glucose residues
CAS number 9004-34-6
Chemical formula (C6H10O5)n
Solubility Insoluble in water, ethanol, ether and dilute mineral acids. Slightly soluble in sodium hydroxide solution. It is able to swell in water, dilute acid and most solvents.
Molecular weight (162)n (n is predominantly 1,000 and greater)
Particle Size Not less than 5 μm (not more than 10 % of particles of less than 5 μm)

What are the application of powdered cellulose?

Powdered cellulose is used in many industries and applications. It is a versatile material with a wide range of end uses. Here are some of the most common ones:


It is commonly used in food grade to prevent cheese agglomeration by absorbing, binding, and retaining moisture.

The following are its functions and uses:

  • Hamburger patties, dumplings, pizza, steamed fish paste: Moisture holding
  • Bread/pastries, ice cream, cake: Provide firmness
  • Doughnuts, fried chicken: Anti-oil absorption
  • Cereal bar: As a dietary fiber
  • Rice-substitute and other low calorie food: Low calorie
  • Sausage casing, dumpling skin: Adds firmness to film
  • Shredded cheese, seasonings: Anti-binding
  • Marinade for ham/sausage: Anti exuding


Powdered cellulose can be added to animal feed to improve the digestibility of the food and reduce waste by reducing the amount of fiber that is passed through the digestive system without being digested. It also helps prevent bloating in pigs and reduces methane emissions from cattle, sheep and goats by keeping them full longer so they feed less often on pasture or hay.


Powdered cellulose is commonly used as an additive in cosmetic formulations to provide texture, absorbency and bulk. Powdered cellulose acts as a thickener and suspending agent, giving body to water-based products such as gels and creams with increased viscosity.

Powdered cellulose also gives weight to oil-based products like lotions and makes them feel creamy to the touch. The powder absorbs moisture from the air and helps keep these types of products from drying out over time. Cellulose can also be used to thicken liquid soaps or shampoos for better lathering capability.


It can be used as an excipient (filler) in pharmaceutical formulations to perform the following functions:

  • An alternative to lactose
  • Stabilize tablets due to its binding properties and natural fiber structure
  • High plastic deformation
  • High compressibility
  • Accelerated disintegration
  • Low moisture absorption.

Is powdered cellulose safe to consume?

Cellulose is a safe and natural compound found in plant cell walls. It is insoluble in water, but it can be dissolved in alcohols and some organic solvents. It has been used in food products and as a thickener for many years. Powdered cellulose is also used in the pharmaceutical industry, where it is known as microcrystalline cellulose (MCC). Powdered cellulose is considered safe by the Food & Drug Administration (FDA).

Powdered cellulose can be consumed safely by most people on a daily basis. However, there are some cases where powdered cellulose may not be appropriate for consumption or may cause side effects. Patients who have celiac disease or irritable bowel syndrome should avoid powdered cellulose due to its ability to cause intestinal irritation when ingested in high amounts. Patients with gastrointestinal problems should also avoid powdered cellulose because it may worsen their condition.


By prior sanction, cellulose is approved by the FDA as an additive and food ingredient used before the 1958 amendments to the Food and Drug Act. Furthermore, USDA indicates that powdered cellulose can be used in the following applications and functions:

  • Anti-caking agent, used in shredded cheese and spices
  • Filtering aid
  • Moisture retention
  • Non-caloric bulking agent used in reduced calorie products
  • Texturizer, dispersing agent
  • Emulsifier, used in frozen products to maintain texture through freeze -thaw cycles

In spite of this, it is not listed as GRAS (Generally Recognized as Safe) in 21CFR.


According to Commission Regulation (EU) No 231/2012, E460(ii) is labelled as an authorised food additive in the EU as “Additives other than colors and sweeteners”.

Safety re-evaluation in 2017

According to the EFSA, genotoxicity, carcinogenicity, reproductive and developmental toxicity studies and other scientific research indicate that a numerical ADI was unnecessary, and there would be no safety concerns at the reported uses and use levels for E460(ii).

Authorised Uses and Levels

Listed in Group I along with E460 and E 460(ii), its approved application is listed in the subclass E460. Uses in authorized food categories are called quantum satis (QS).

It is found in the following foods (separated list with E 460(ii)) may contain it:

  • Cheese products: unripened cheese and whey cheese
  • Table-top sweeteners

Food Standards Australia New Zealand

It has the code number 460 and is an approved ingredient in Australia and New Zealand.


Function Class: food additives, anticaking, emulsifier, texturizer and stabilizer.

Acceptable Daily Intake: The ADI “not specified” was set in 1997.

What are the side effects of powdered cellulose?

Powdered cellulose is a non-digestible dietary fiber that is used to thicken and bind food products. It’s made from plant matter, so it’s completely natural and safe. However, powdered cellulose contains cornstarch as an ingredient, so people with corn allergies may experience some side effects when they consume this substance.

In addition, powdered cellulose has been known to interact with blood thinners, such as Coumadin (warfarin), which can cause excessive bleeding.

Possible Side Effects of Powdered Cellulose

Here are some possible side effects of powdered cellulose:

  • Itchy throat and nasal passages
  • Constipation or diarrhea
  • Bloating or gas
  • Excessive gas in the stomach and intestines (flatulence)

Is cellulose powder bad for you?

Cellulose powder is derived from wood pulp and is used in food products to increase the fiber content. It is also used as a thickener and stabilizer in many food products, including ice cream and baked goods. Cellulose powder has no nutritional value and most people consume it unknowingly because it does not have to be listed on labels.

Cellulose powder is considered safe because it is an inert substance that doesn’t react with other ingredients or cause any negative effects when consumed in small amounts. There are no known side effects of eating cellulose powder in food, however, large doses can cause gas and bloating. The American Heart Association recommends limiting your daily intake of fiber-containing foods such as grains and cereals to 25 grams per day if you have heart disease or high cholesterol levels. This amount of fiber exceeds the amount found in most commercial baked goods and processed foods that contain cellulose powder as an ingredient (especially if you’re consuming multiple servings).

What is powdered cellulose in cheese?

Powdered cellulose is typically used as a food additive, and it can be found in a wide variety of foods, including cheese. Powdered cellulose is used as a protein substitute and emulsifier in many different types of foods. It’s also used to prevent the formation of lumps when adding water or other liquids to dry ingredients.

Powdered cellulose is made from vegetable matter that has been ground into a fine powder. The powder can be added to liquid to help stabilize emulsions and prevent separation of ingredients. It acts as an emulsifier by reducing surface tension between two liquids that otherwise wouldn’t mix well together. Powdered cellulose is often used as an alternative to gelatin or corn starch because it doesn’t have any flavor or color.

Some cheeses contain powdered cellulose as an additive to help stabilize their texture and prevent them from separating into two layers when stored at room temperature for long periods of time before being eaten. The powdered cellulose helps keep the liquid layer at the top from separating from the solid layer underneath so that the cheese still tastes good even after being kept in your refrigerator for extended periods of time before consumption.

What is powdered cellulose in dog food?

Powdered cellulose is a product that has been used as a filler in dog food and cat food for decades. It is made from wood pulp and cotton linters, which are leftovers after the cotton seed oil has been extracted from the cotton plant.

The dog food industry uses powdered cellulose as a low-cost filler to increase the weight of the product without adding calories. It can also be used as an extender in canned pet foods. Powdered cellulose may also be used to bind minerals together, which makes the minerals more palatable to your dog or cat.

Powdered cellulose does not provide any nutritional value for your pet but it does make their food look bigger, so you may think that you are buying more than you actually are. If you have noticed that your dog or cat seems to gobble down every last bite of their food, only to leave behind some crumbs on his or her dish, then this could be why!

I recommend buying high quality pet foods from reputable manufacturers rather than buying products that contain powdered cellulose because these products have been scientifically formulated for optimal nutrition and taste.

What is powdered cellulose in cat food?

Powdered cellulose is a fiber supplement that is added to food to increase bulk, reduce the caloric density and improve texture. It is made from wood pulp and has no nutritional value.

Cellulose Powder for Cats

Cellulose powder is used in many types of cat foods including canned, semi-moist and dry foods. It helps to keep food moist, but it also increases the volume of the food without adding any calories. This makes it possible for cat owners to feed their cats more calories without increasing the amount of food they feed.

The use of this additive has been controversial due to its lack of nutritional value and concerns about it causing digestive problems in some cats. When used properly, however, it can be an effective tool for helping owners manage their cat’s weight while still providing plenty of nutrition.

What is powdered cellulose in shredded cheese?

Powdered cellulose, also known as microcrystalline cellulose, is a common food additive that’s used to improve texture and prevent caking in shredded cheese.

It’s made from wood pulp, which is produced by pressing together chips of tree bark or sawdust until they form a powder. This process removes the lignin and hemicellulose from the wood fiber, leaving behind cellulose.

Powdered cellulose can be added to shredded cheeses like cheddar, mozzarella and Monterey jack to prevent them from clumping together. It’s also used in bread crumbs and other processed foods like cereal bars and salad dressing to keep them from sticking together.

Powdered cellulose has been approved by the FDA since 1999 as an “edible plant fiber” when used in food products at levels up to 4% by weight (or 7% by volume).

Where to buy cellulose powder?

Cellulose powder can be purchased from a variety of sources, including retail stores, online retailers and wholesale suppliers. The most common form of cellulose is powdered cellulose, which is made from wood pulp. This type of material is used in everything from food to cosmetics. It is also used in the medical industry as a filler in animal feed and as an ingredient in toothpaste.

Cellulose powder can be purchased online or at local retailers such as Amazon, Walmart or Target. you can also find it at craft stores such as Jo-Ann Fabric & Craft Stores or Hobby Lobby, where it is sold under the name “wood powder”. It’s best to buy cellulose from a reputable source so you know you’re getting a quality product free of contaminants like dust or bugs.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is Powdered Cellulose Natural?

Yes, powdered cellulose is natural because it comes from wood pulp, which is a natural substance found in trees. It may seem strange that you might find powdered cellulose in your food or toothpaste because it looks like sugar or flour but that’s what makes it so useful! Unlike sugar or flour, powdered cellulose won’t absorb moisture from the air and make your food soggy or harden your toothpaste into a solid mass.

Is Powdered Cellulose Gluten free?

The answer is yes, powdered cellulose is gluten-free.

Powdered cellulose is a food additive that’s used as a thickener and filler in many foods, including ice cream, yogurt, chocolate milk and other beverages. It’s also used in supplements and medications to improve the texture and taste of liquid formulations.

Powdered cellulose is a safe food additive derived from wood pulp. It’s often used to replace the fat or oil that would normally be found in foods. Powdered cellulose is also used as a fiber supplement in some prescription drugs.

Is Powdered Cellulose Vegan?

Powdered cellulose is a fiber that is extracted from the pulp of trees. It’s used as a food additive to thicken and stabilize foods, make them creamier, and improve their texture. Powdered cellulose is also used in cosmetics and pharmaceuticals.

Powdered cellulose is vegan because it does not come from animals.

What’s the Difference Between Powdered Cellulose (PC) and Microcrystalline Cellulose (MCC)?

Powdery cellulose is a pharmaceutical excipient with a large number of applications in the pharmaceutical industry. It is used as an inert filler, disintegrant, binder and tablet disintegrant in tablets and capsules. Microcrystalline cellulose is another type of powdered cellulose used extensively in the pharmaceutical industry.

Difference between PC and MCC:

  1. Manufacturing Process: Powdered cellulose can be obtained by grinding wood pulp (cellulose) or purified cotton linter pulp (Avicel PH 101). Microcrystalline cellulose is produced by spray-drying a slurry of microcrystals made from sodium carboxymethyl ether-starch or sodium carboxymethyl starch (CMC).
  2. Molecular weight: The molecular weight of MCC ranges from 100,000 to 400,000 daltons (Da), while PC has an average molecular weight of 200,000 Da. Because MCC has such a low molecular weight, it dissolves very easily in water when ingested and is able to pass through the digestive tract without being digested or absorbed by the body. The large number of molecules that make up PC makes it hard for the body to digest and absorb, which results in fewer side effects than MCC.
  3. Compressibility, disintegration and fluidity: One of the main differences between these two excipients is their compressibility and disintegration rate. PC is more compressible than MCC, which means it takes longer for it to break down under compression pressure, so it may not be ideal for making tablets or capsules. However, this property makes PC useful for filler purposes and can be used in combination with other fillers like starch or lactose monohydrate to make tablets or capsules easier to swallow. In contrast, MCC breaks down very easily under compression pressure, making it ideal for tablet or capsule manufacturing as well as suspension manufacturing.
  4. Application: The main application for PC is as a binder in hard gelatin capsules where it helps prevent sticking between the capsule shells and contents during filling processes. This makes PC an ideal choice for encapsulating highly viscous liquids such as oils or suspensions because it prevents them from leaking out of the capsules during packaging processes.

What is the Fiber Content of Powdered Cellulose?

Powdered cellulose is a food additive made from wood pulp. It’s available in the form of a white powder that can be used as an emulsifier and thickener in foods, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals.

The fiber content of powdered cellulose depends on its source and manufacturing process. The average fiber content ranges from 0.5 to 1 percent.

Fiber Content of Powdered Cellulose

Powdered cellulose may contain up to 95 percent cellulose, which is a carbohydrate that occurs naturally in plants. Cellulose has no flavor or color, so it won’t affect the taste or appearance of your food or cosmetic products. It also has no nutritional value and doesn’t absorb liquids like regular fiber does.

Powdered cellulose comes from wood pulp that’s been chemically treated to remove any lignin (a natural glue) and some water weight, leaving just pure cellulose behind. This process also makes the powder easier to store and transport without becoming lumpy or clumping together inside bags or containers.

Is Powdered Cellulose Dairy Free?

Yes, powdered cellulose is dairy free.

Powdered cellulose is a food additive that is used to add bulk to foods and beverages. It’s also used as an emulsifier, thickener, disintegrant and stabilizer. Powdered cellulose is derived from plant matter and processed into a fine powder.

Dairy Free Powdered Cellulose Sources

Powdered cellulose can be derived from several sources including wood pulp, cotton fiber or orange peel fiber. In the United States, powdered cellulose is regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as a food additive for its use in foods and drugs.


The only conclusion I can make is that cellulose E460ii is a polysaccharide, which is an extensive polymeric carbohydrate whose most common representatives are cellulose and hemicellulose. It possesses a linear structure as compared to the branched structure of other polysaccharides and does therefore not contain any glycemic index whatsoever. This particular product is also considered safe for consumption by humans as it has been given a number of rulings by various government health boards. And moreover, in every milligram/gram sample that has been examined by qualified researchers, there has never been a trace of anti-nutrient components contained therein. So what’s the moral of this? Eat powdered cellulose E460ii without worry or guilt!

Sophie Feng

Sophie Feng

Sophie Feng is the author of gradechemical.com, she is the co-founder of the grade chemical network. She has been in grade chemical company since 2017, with a working knowledge of food chemical .

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