What is Datem E472e in Food? Uses, Safe, Side Effects

What is Datem E472e in Food? Uses, Safe, Side Effects


Table of Contents

Datem stands for Diacetyl Tartaric Acid Esters of Monoglycerides. It is a component of leavening agent that many bakers and other pastry makers use in bread and cakes. Some people apply DATEM for its wonderful qualities, such as its strength to resist oxidation and chemical stability.

This does make DATEM has some adverse reactions when consumed by people with allergies to gluten or lactose, as well as those who have intolerance to glucosides in general.

What is datem?

DATEM (diacetyl tartaric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides) is a food additive used as an emulsifier, dough conditioner and leavening agent. DATEM is an ingredient in many baked goods, including breads and cakes.

DATEM is made from the reaction of hydrogenated vegetable oils with tartaric acid. The result is a substance that helps increase volume in baked goods by acting as an emulsifier (it keeps ingredients from separating). It also improves the texture by strengthening protein networks formed during baking, giving them more structure.

What is datem in food?

DATEM is an acronym for “diacetyl tartaric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides.” It is a mixture of fatty acids, used as a food additive. It is also known as E471 or E 471. The purpose of DATEM in bread is to improve texture and flavor. Although it is not listed on the label, because it is not a common allergen, chances are that your favorite bakery uses DATEM in its products.

DATEM has the ability to increase shelf life, improve texture and overall flavor of baked goods. The reason for this is that DATEM helps retain moisture during baking by forming a matrix around water molecules within the dough. This makes it easier for your body to absorb nutrients from the food you eat, which in turn helps maintain healthy digestion and metabolism levels.

Some people may be allergic to DATEM, so if you notice any unusual reactions after consuming products containing this ingredient then make sure you talk with your doctor about getting tested for allergies.

What is datem made of?

The term DATEM is an acronym for Diacetyl Tartaric Acid Esters of Monoglycerides. It’s used as a food additive and acts as an emulsifier, which means it helps keep fats and oils from separating from other ingredients during cooking or baking. DATEM is also known as CERESIN WAX.

1. Mixed esters

DATEM is made from a mixture of glycerol monostearate and glycerol distearate. These two products are esters of stearic acid, which is a saturated fatty acid found in animal fats. The mixed esters are used as an emulsifier because they reduce surface tension between oil and water. This helps keep oil droplets suspended in water rather than coalescing into tiny beads or droplets that separate out of solution.

DATEM may contain the following substances in its final form:

  • free glycerol
  • free glycerides
  • free fatty acid
  • free tartaric acid
  • free acetic acid
  • tartaric, acetic esters of fatty acids

2. Carrier and anti-caking agent

DATEM contains some additives to make it easier to use in recipes, such as sodium stearoyl lactylate (SSL) or potassium stearoyl lactylate (PSL). Both are salts that help stabilize the emulsion formed by DATEM. They also act as a carrier for the monoglyceride esters, so they can be dissolved into liquid more easily before being added to DATEM.

What is datem made from?

DATEM is short for diacetyl tartaric ester of monoglycerides, a food additive that is used as an emulsifier, anticaking agent and flavoring. It is derived from vegetable oils, but it can also be made synthetically.

DATEM is typically made from the triglycerides of soybean oil or cottonseed oil. It can also be made from other vegetable oils, such as safflower oil or corn oil. In this case, the triglycerides are reacted with acetic acid and tartaric acid to create DATEM.

Since DATEM does not occur naturally in foods, it must be added to them during processing or preparation. It is most often used in processed foods like margarine, salad dressings and baked goods.


Other Names
  • Diacetyl tartaric acid esters of monoglycerides
  • Mixed acetic, tartaric acid esters of mono and diglycerides of fatty acids
  • Mixed Glycerol Esters of Diacetyltartaric Acid and Fatty Acids from Food Fats
  • Tartaric, acetic, fatty acid esters of glycerol, mixed
  • Diacetyl tartaric acid esters of mono-, diglycerides of edible fats or oils
CAS Number 308068-42-0
Chemical formula Variable
Molecular Weight Variable


An off-white to light yellow wax with a mild acidic smell.


This compound is soluble in most fat solvents, including methanol, acetone, and ethyl acetate, but is insoluble in water and acetic acid. This substance can be dispersed in water and will not decompose for a long time. PH values for the 3% dispersion in water range from 2 to 3. An HLB value of 8 to 10 is considered acceptable.



It consists of glycerin mixed esters in which one or more of the hydroxyl groups are esterified by diacetyl tartaric acid and fatty acids. In the above structure, two hydroxyl groups are esterified, one by diacetyl tartaric acid, the other by fatty acids.

What is the application of datem?

DATEM (Diacetyl Tartaric Acid Ester of Monoglyceride) is a blend of monoglycerides, diglycerides and free fatty acids that can be found in a variety of foods. It’s also sometimes referred to as glyceryl tristearate or monoglyceride diesters of fatty acids. The following is a closer look at its various uses and functions.


DATEM is used as an emulsifier in bread production, helping to give dough its elasticity and preventing it from sticking to the baking pan. It can also be used to increase the shelf life of bread products by inhibiting the growth of mold and bacteria.


Cake manufacturers use DATEM to improve their product’s appearance by giving it a shiny glaze that makes it look fresh-baked even if it isn’t freshly baked at all! They also use it to improve its texture by reducing brittleness and making it softer so it can easily be cut into slices without crumbling apart when you eat it!

Biscuits & Cookies

DATEM is used in biscuits and cookies to enhance the texture of the product and make it more crispy. It acts as a binding agent, which helps to retain moisture in the product. This way, biscuit makers can produce less water content in their products and still maintain softness while increasing shelf life.

Sweet dough, Pastry and Donuts

DATEM is used in sweet dough and pastry to increase shelf life of these products by preventing their surface from drying out during baking processes. It can also prevent browning of the crusts on some types of pastries like croissants and Danish pastries.

Coffee Whitener

DATEM is used as an emulsifier in coffee whiteners such as Nestle Carnation Nescafe Blend 43 which gives the mixture its creamy texture while keeping it stable at room temperature.

Whipped toppings

Whipped topping is typically made with heavy cream and vegetable oil along with powdered sugar and other flavorings such as vanilla extract or fruit flavoring. When making whipped topping, manufacturers use DATEM to help stabilize the mixture so that it can keep its shape during processing without becoming watery or separating into liquid.


DATEM is essential for making cheese, especially in soft cheeses such as mozzarella or cheddar. The product helps prevent oil separation and curdling when heating or cooling milk. Without it, cheese-making would be much more difficult.

Soups, sauces and dressings

DATEM helps emulsify ingredients in soups and sauces by keeping oil droplets suspended in water instead of separating out into layers on top of the liquid. The same principle applies to dressings — without DATEM, your vinaigrette would separate into two distinct layers rather than remaining mixed together throughout its lifespan.

The following are other applications:

  • Ice cream
  • Beverage whiteners
  • Vegetable Protein Drinks
  • Emulsified sauces
  • Canned coffee or tea

Is datem safe to eat?

The short answer is that DATEM is safe.

DATEM, or diacetyl tartaric acid esters of monoglycerides, is an ingredient used in baking and frying to help improve the texture and flavor of foods. It’s also used as a flavor enhancer.

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved this ingredient for use in food products and it’s considered safe by food manufacturers and consumers alike.

DATEM is a mixture of ingredients that includes DATEM itself plus some other compounds like glycerine, monoglyceride and sodium stearoyl lactylate (SSL). These ingredients are mixed together to form DATEM so that it can be used in large quantities for commercial purposes without negatively affecting the food product’s quality or taste.

The FDA has approved this ingredient for use in food products such as baked goods, French fries and potato chips, as well as salad dressings, sauces, canned fruits and vegetables, chicken nuggets and other fried foods.

U.S. Food and Drug Administration

Food Safety and Uses

DATEM is generally recognized as safe (GRAS) as a direct human food ingredient and can be used in food without limitation. In addition to being an emulsifier, it is also an emulsifier salt, a flavoring agent, and an adjuvant.

Bakery products and baking mixes, nonalcoholic beverages, confections and frostings, dairy product analogs, and fats and oils are all included in the application.

Animal Feed

The FDA stated that the emulsifying agent DATEM is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practices.

European Food Safety Authority

Food additive DATEM (E 472e) is authorized in the European Union (EU) under Annex II and Annex III of Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008 on food additives and is considered to be an “additives other than colours and sweeteners”.

The scientific panel on food additives and flavourings met in October, 2019 to discuss acetic acid, lactic acid, citric acid, tartaric acid, mono- and diacetyltartaric acid, and mixed acetic and tartaric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids (E472a-f).

UK Food Standards Agency

This agent is used as an emulsifier, a stabiliser, a thickener, and a gelling agent.

Food Standards Australia New Zealand

The code number 472e identifies it as an approved ingredient in Australia and New Zealand.

JECFA (Joint FAO or WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives)

Function class: food additives and emulsifier.

Acceptable daily intake (ADI): The ADI of 0-50 mg/kg bw has been set since 2003.

What are side effects of datem?

One of the most common side effects of DATEM is bloating. This is because this ingredient can cause your body to retain water, which can make you feel bloated and full.

Another possible side effect is flatulence. This is due to the fact that DATEM can increase the number of bacteria in your intestines, which leads to increased gas production.

Some people may experience nausea, stomach cramping or diarrhea when taking DATEM. This occurs because of the fact that it causes an increase in intestinal gas production, which results in feelings of nausea or stomach cramps.

Some people have reported having mild allergic reactions after taking DATEM supplements, including hives or swelling of their lips or tongue.

Is datem safe for pregnant?

The best answer is, it depends on the amount of DATEM that you are consuming. If you are consuming a small quantity of DATEM and it has no influence on your baby, then there is nothing to worry about. However, if the quantity of DATEM is too high, then it can affect the growth and development of your baby.

The US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) considers the safe intake of DATEM as “no adverse health effects have been reported from the use of dextrose monohydrate”. This means that there are no known ill-effects from consuming this food additive on a regular basis.

What is datem in bisquick?

DATEM is an acronym for diacetyl tartaric acid ester of monoglycerides, a type of emulsifier. It is used as an ingredient in baking products such as Bisquick.

DATEM is a food additive that can be found in many foods, including pie crust, biscuits and other baked goods. It’s also used in cosmetics and personal care products.

DATEM comes from the combination of two other ingredients that are common in baking: tartaric acid and monoglycerides. These two ingredients naturally occur in many foods, but they are often taken out during processing to make them less acidic or less greasy. Substituting them with DATEM allows processors to keep their products free from these unwanted properties while still providing the benefits of these natural ingredients.

What is datem source?

As a food ingredient, DATEM Source, also known as diacetyl tartaric acid ester of monoglycerides (DATEM), is a natural food additive used in processed foods. It is not a genetically modified organism (GMO) and does not contain any unapproved food additive. The FDA has approved DATEM for use as an emulsifier in processed foods, specifically baked goods and frozen dairy products.

DATEM Source is produced from animal fats that are completely hydrogenated and purified under strict quality control standards. It is considered to be a safe and effective product for use in the food industry due to its high purity levels and excellent performance characteristics.

What is datem allergy?

DATEM allergy is a protein that’s used to thicken and stabilize many foods. It’s most often found in baked goods, but it can also be used in other products such as ice cream, canned soups, salad dressings and other foods.

DATEM Allergy Symptoms

The most common symptom of DATEM allergy is a tingling sensation in the mouth. Other symptoms of DATEM allergy include:

  • Swelling of the lips or face
  • Hives (swelling caused by fluid accumulation under your skin)
  • Vomiting and diarrhea

Where to buy datem?

You can find DATEM at most grocery stores and specialty cooking stores that carry baking supplies. You can also purchase it online from sites like Amazon or eBay.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is datem natural?

DATEM is not natural as it is synthesized through chemical processes. A number of raw materials are used for the production, such as acetic acid, tartaric acid, glycerol, and fatty acids.

Is datem halal?

If your datem does not contain rennet, then it is halal for Muslims to consume and enjoy. However, if your datem does contain rennet, then it will not be halal for Muslims to consume because of the presence of animal products in the product.

Is datem kosher?

Yes, DATEM is kosher. DATEM is derived from the words for “acetic” and “acid.” It is the acronym for the ingredient’s full name: diacetyl tartaric ester of monoglycerides. It is used as a food additive to modify the texture of foods and make them more tender. It is commonly used in cake mixes and other baked goods, as well as in products like margarine and vegetable oil spreads.

Is datem gluten free?

The answer is yes!  DATEM, short for Diacetyl tartaric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides, is a food additive used as an emulsifier. It is used in the food industry to help reduce oil separation in products such as mayonnaise and salad dressing.

DATEM is derived from soybean oil and is considered gluten-free by the FDA. There are no known issues with DATEM contamination from wheat or other grains.

While DATEM itself is gluten-free, it may be contaminated with gluten during processing. Please always check with your manufacturer about their manufacturing practices before using DATEM in your products.

What is datem vegan?

DATEM Vegan is a food ingredient that adds texture and improves the overall quality of food. It is made from vegetable oil and modified tapioca starch. DATEM Vegan is used in many different types of products including cakes, cookies, pastries and pies.

It can also be used in meat substitutes like vegetarian burgers or sausages.

DATEM Vegan is a gluten-free product that does not contain animal products or byproducts.

This makes it an excellent choice for vegetarians and vegans alike who want to eat safe foods with no risk of contamination from animal products.

Is datem dairy free?

Yes! You don’t have to worry about dairy when eating foods containing DATEM because they’re often labeled “dairy free.” This additive contains no dairy products so it will never contain casein (milk protein) or lactose (milk sugar).


The world of E472e is complex, mysterious and big. That’s why we worked hard to process a huge amount of information about E472e and summarize it in a way that will easily help you to understand what Datem E472e is. From our research, we found that Datem E472e is part of the emulsifiers category and used as an additive in the food industry. It can be found in baked goods such as bread, bagels and pizza crusts.

If you have any comments about datem E472 please contact us in the below comments.

Sophie Feng

Sophie Feng

Sophie Feng is the author of gradechemical.com, she is the co-founder of the grade chemical network. She has been in grade chemical company since 2017, with a working knowledge of food chemical .

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