What is Tara Gum E417? Uses, Safe, Benefit, Side Effects

What is Tara Gum E417? Uses, Safe, Benefit, Side Effects

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Tara gum is a natural thickener extracted from the endosperm of seeds from the tara tree, which is primarily grown in Peru. Originally it was first manufactured in Germany, but nowadays it can be found in the food and beverage industry around the world and with additive number E417 in Europe.

What is tara gum?

 

Tara gum is a natural gum obtained from the bark of the tara tree (Caesalpinia sappan), which is native to Sri Lanka.

Tara gum has been used for centuries in Asia as an ingredient in medicines and food products. It’s also used in cosmetics, soaps and toothpaste as a thickener and stabilizer.

It’s made by collecting tara pods, cracking them open and boiling the bark until it becomes black. The black bark is then dried, ground into powder and sifted through mesh screens to produce a fine powder called Tara gum.

What is tara gum in ice cream?

 

Tara gum is a thickener. It is used in ice cream and other frozen desserts to give them a creamy texture. The consistency of these products can be altered by adding tara gum, which also helps reduce the amount of fat and calories needed to manufacture them.

Tara gum was first discovered in India and was used as a food additive there for centuries before it was introduced to the Western world in the 1960s. It is made from the seeds of the Indian tree Acacia catechu, which are gathered, dried and ground into powder. The powder is then added to foods such as chocolate milk, yogurt and ice cream as well as baked goods like cakes and cookies.

Tara gum also has a variety of industrial uses including adhesives, cosmetics and pharmaceuticals.

What is tara gum used for?

 

Tara gum is a natural polymer extracted from the seeds of the tara tree. It is used as a thickener and stabilizer in foods, cosmetics and other industries. The extract can also be used as an emulsifier, stabilizer, thickener and texturizer in food products. Tara gum can be used to improve shelf life, texture and appearance of food products such as ice cream, bakery items and beverages.

Tara gum is also used for the production of cosmetics like shampoos and conditioners because it enhances the feel of hair care products without compromising their appearance or consistency. It emulsifies oils that are present in shampoos and conditioners so they don’t separate into layers after application.

Tara gum has been approved by the Food Safety & Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) for use in ice creams and frozen desserts because it increases viscosity without affecting taste or texture of these products. The FSSAI has set limits on how much tara gum can be used in different types of ice creams to ensure that consumers do not experience any adverse reactions after consuming them

How to use tara gum?

 

Tara gum is a substance derived from the tara tree. It is used as a thickener and emulsifier in food products, particularly ice cream, candy and chocolate. The gum is also used in cosmetics, soaps and shampoos. Tara gum has a consistency similar to that of gelatin and can be used as a substitute for it in some recipes.

Tara gum is commonly used as a substitute for gelatin because it has many of the same properties. It’s an emulsifier that helps keep oil and water mixed together, so it’s often found in ice creams, yogurts and other foods that contain both types of liquids. Tara gum also helps stabilize foam in whipped cream and mousse.

Some people use tara gum to thicken their homemade beauty products because it gels when heated without making the product too thick or sticky. A few drops of tara gum can be added to shampoo or conditioner for extra body or thickening power without adding any noticeable texture change to your hair.

What are tara gum made of?

 

Tara gum is a natural product obtained from the tree species Acacia senegal (Lam.) Benth. (Leguminosae) and Acacia seyal Delile (Leguminosae). Tara gum is used as a thickener in food and as a stabiliser in cosmetics.

Galactomannan 77–78%

Moisture 14–15%

Fibers 2.5%

Nitrogen compounds 3–4%

Minerals (ash) 1.5%

Fatty compounds 1%

Structure

 

The structure of galactomannan, the main component of tara gum, is composed mainly of linear chains of (1-4)-beta-D-mannopyranose units linked by alpha-D-galactopyranose units, with the proportion of (1-6) linkages to (1-4) linkages estimated at 75%-80%.

tara-gum-chemical-structure-5875817-1314050

How is Tara gum produce?

The manufacturing process for LBG is similar to that of produce, using either the acid process or roasting process.

  1. Acid processing is a method of removing the hulls of seeds, by treating them with sulfuric acid at elevated temperature and then washing and brushing the hulls off.
  2. During roasting, the seeds are placed in a rotating furnace to remove their outer coat and separate the endosperm from the germ.

Specification


Appearance


White to yellowish-white powder with an odourless taste.

Other names
  • Peruvian carob
  • Caesalpinia spinosa gum
CAS number 39300-88-4
Chemical formula NA
Molecular weight Between 1,000,000 and 2,330,000

Properties


Solubility

  • Soluble in hot water and slightly soluble in cold water.
  • Insoluble in most organic solvents, including ethanol.

Viscosity


Temperature


Tara gum is a natural gum that disperses in water to form a viscous colloid. A 1% aqueous dispersion of tara gum has a viscosity of 2000–3600 cps at room temperature, while the viscosity of a 1% solution of tara gum reaches 5500 cps at 85°C after 10 minutes of heating. When cooled, the viscosity value is similar to that of guar gum, but three times higher than LBG.

PH


It has a relatively stable viscosity over a pH range of 3 to 11.

Synergy


When combined with carrageenan, xanthan gum or agar, sodium alginate can increase viscosity and gel strength, thereby reducing syneresis.

Gelling agent


The addition of small amounts of sodium borate produces a gel in its aqueous solution.

What are the different applications of tara gum?


Food grade xanthan gum provides processed food manufacturers with many advantages in many different applications. It functions as a stabilizer, thickening agent, and emulsifier; it also works in nonfat and low-fat food products.

Food


Tara gum is a unique hydrocolloid that links the cold-water soluble galactose-rich galactomannans of guar gum with the hot-water soluble galactose-poor galactomannans of locust bean gum.

The following products are commonly found with it: ice cream, frozen desserts, bakery products, jellies, meat, and sauce and dressing.

Let’s see the tara gum uses and functions.

Ice Cream


Control ice crystal growth and meltdown, provide good mouthfeel by modifying the composition of the ingredients.

Dairy Products


It provides cream texture, increases the freezability of frozen desserts, liquid dairy products and puddings, etc.

Bakery Food


Make it soft, retain moisture and lengthen shelf life.

Beverage


To clarify a solution, add viscosity.

Jams, jellies, fillings


Reduce syneresis and suspend fruits to improve mouthfeel.

Meat


It has been found to have improved structure, moisture retention, and texture similar to locust bean gum and guar gum in some applications.

Cosmetics


According to the “European Commission database for information on cosmetic substances and ingredients,” tara gum can be used as a film-forming agent, skin conditioning agent, and viscosity controlling agent in cosmetic and personal care products.

Is tara gum bad for you?


Tara gum is a resin that comes from the acacia tree and can be used as a thickener, emulsifier and stabilizing agent. It’s commonly found in ice cream, dairy products and baked goods.

It’s often used to replace xanthan gum because it’s cheaper and easier to find.

Tara gum is safe to eat in small amounts. In fact, most people have no problem digesting it at all. While some sources claim that tara gum can cause some unpleasant side effects if consumed in large amounts, there’s not enough evidence to back up these claims.

Is tara gum safe to eat for body?


The safety of sucralose as a food additive, which has been approved in Europe, has not been evaluated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Canada has approved its use in food.

Canada Government


Safety


The Government of Canada listed tara gum as an emulsifying, gelling, stabilizing or thickening agent on May 14th, 2018.

Uses


It can be used in bread, cream, milk, cheese, ice cream and other foods with a maximum usage level of 0.75%.

European Food Safety Authority


Tara gum (E 417) is a food additive authorised for use in the EU. It is listed under Annexes II and III to Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008, and it is classified as an “additive other than colours and sweeteners”.

Safety Re-evaluation In 2017


The European Food Safety Authority recently published a study finding that no numerical acceptable daily intake level is necessary for tara gum (E 417) and that there is no safety concern for consumers at the refined exposure assessment of tara gum (E 417) as a food additive at the reported levels of use.

Uses


It has been approved for use in Group I and its uses in all authorized food categories are QS.

Food Standards Australia New Zealand


It is listed as an approved ingredient in Australia and New Zealand and has the code number 417.

JECFA


Function Class: food additives, stabilizer and thickener.

What are the good benefits of tara gum?


Tara gum is a polysaccharide, or sugar molecule, produced by the tropical tree Ceratonia siliqua. It is often used as a food additive and has many health benefits.

Health benefits of tara gum

1) Helps digestion

2) Prevents constipation

3) Protects against ulcers and stomach ulcers

4) Supports weight control, especially in overweight individuals

What are the possible Side effects of tara gum?


Tara gum is considered safe for consumption by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). It has not been associated with any side effects or adverse reactions when used in foods at recommended levels. However, there are some reports of mild gastrointestinal symptoms such as bloating after consuming high amounts of tara gum powder or liquid forms of tara gum supplements.

Possible Side Effects of Tara Gum


The following side effects have been reported by some people who take supplements containing tara gum:

Bloating

Constipation

Diarrhea

Increased blood pressure (hypertension)

Irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia)

Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia)

Loss of appetite

Nausea and vomiting

Is tara gum the same as xanthan gum?


The answer is no. Tara gum and xanthan gum are both used for thickening, but they have different properties.

Tara gum is a natural vegetable gum derived from the seed of the African tree species Terminalia avicennioides. It has been used for thousands of years by native Africans to thicken soups, sauces and drinks. It is also used as a stabilizer in some cosmetics and pharmaceuticals.

Xanthan gum is made from corn sugar by fermentation with Xanthomonas campestris bacteria. In addition to its use in food products, it is used in paints and cosmetics as well as in drilling muds for oil exploration.

Xanthan gum has a texture that’s more elastic than tara gum’s sticky texture when it comes into contact with water or other liquids that contain proteins or carbohydrates such as milk or fruit juices.

Where to buy tara gum?


Tara gum can be purchased in powder form or in granular form. The powder form is more common, but both types are available at most health food stores and online retailers.

Swanson’s Tara Gum Powder is 100% pure and contains no fillers or additives. It’s gluten free, dairy free, non-GMO and 100% vegetarian. This product comes in 1 pound bags that contain about 40 servings each (or 20 grams). Each serving provides 10 grams of fiber (5 grams soluble fiber) with no added sugar or calories!

if you purchase large weight, you can consider purchase it from Grade Chemical Company. it is one reliable tare gum supplier in China.

Frequently asked questions


Is it Natural?


Yes, the production method described above indicates that the substance is derived from caesalpinia spinosa seeds.

Is it Halal?


Yes, it is recognised as halal.

Is it Kosher?


Yes, it is kosher pareve. All “kashruth” requirements have been met and the product can be certified as kosher.

Is it Gluten free?


Yes, tara gum is gluten free according to the FDA’s definition because it does not contain wheat, rye, barley, or crossbreeds of these grains.

Is it Vegan?


Yes, it is vegan. Tara gum is a plant-based vegetable gum derived from the seeds of the tara tree. The manufacturing process does not involve animal matter or products derived from animal origin, making it appropriate for vegetarian diets.

Tara gum VS Locust bean gum (difference, use)


Tara gum and locust bean gum are two common thickeners that can be used in a variety of applications, including making ice cream and salad dressings. While both gums are derived from tree seeds, they have different chemical compositions and properties.

Tara Gum


Tara gum is extracted from the seed pods of the tara tree (Caesalpinia spinosa), which is native to Africa. Tara gum has a high viscosity and is used as a thickener or stabilizer in foods, cosmetics and pharmaceuticals. It is also used to treat diarrhea, ulcers and other gastrointestinal disorders.

Locust Bean Gum


Locust bean gum is extracted from the beans of the carob tree (Ceratonia siliqua), which grows throughout Asia and the Mediterranean region. Locust bean gum has less viscosity than tara gum does, but it is more soluble in water than tara gum is. Locust bean gum is used as an emulsifier in processed cheese products such as Kraft Singles cheese slices; it functions as an emulsifier by helping keep oil droplets suspended within water droplets so that they do not separate out during processing.

Tara gum VS Guar gum


While both gums are made from natural sources, they have different properties and uses. The main difference between tara and guar gums is that tara gum has a higher viscosity than guar gum. Both gums are water soluble, but tara has a lower molecular weight than guar and therefore disperses more easily. This means that tara disperses more quickly than guar when heated or mixed with water. However, this also means that it will take longer for tara to gel than it would for guar when added to cold liquid or cooled down after being heated up (Rosenblum).

Both gums have similar benefits when added to food products such as salad dressing or ice cream because they make them thicker and smoother by increasing their viscosity which helps the product. They are also used in foods such as chewing gum, confectionery and baked products, but can be added to other types of food as well.

Final words:


Tara gum is a unique gum that has emerged as one of the most widely used ingredients in the food, beverage and pharmaceutical industries. It can be used in place of any other gum or polysaccharide and helps provide for safe and consistent results.

Tara gum is used extensively to create transparent gels with a good viscosity response and it’s been proven that tara gum produces much stronger gels than some other gums currently available. Some research groups are hoping to use tara gum to help decrease the amount of gluten in foods that are derived from wheat, but there is still more research necessary before this is a feasible commercial idea.

if you have any comments about tara gum E417 please feedback to us in below comments

Sophie Feng

Sophie Feng

Sophia Feng, Marketing Manager of Grade Chemical, specializes in writing food chemical article, custom chemical article, industry chemical blog.

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